Depth of Knowledge Chart
In terms of knowledge acquisition projects are well suited to address the four levels presented in the DOK Chart. Level one refers to what is sometimes called Low Order Thinking Skills (LOTS). For this Information is recalled much in the same way as being asked to remember capital cities or the multiplication table. As we move into level four, though, we see a emphasis on Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS). This is were students are expected to begin designing, connecting and synthesising concepts. In a rote learning classroom, students rarely move past level 1 or 2. However, projects offer students the opportunity to work through the levels. Here is a
simple example to illustrate how students move through the various levels.
Level 1 - The student research collect and brainstorm ideas.
Level 2 - The students organise and classify their ideas.
Level 3 - The students revise and assess their ideas.
Level 4 - The students design, and create their idea.
Projects provide an approach in which students are able to expand their cognitive skills by requiring them to move passed basic information retention to focus on knowledge creation, design and application. It is in this that students learn how to develop their own ideas and thought process.